Ref NoMS169
TitleThreipland of Fingask
Date1488-1963
LevelFonds
HistoryFingask Castle, the seat of the Threipland family, is a 16th century tower house in the Braes of the Carse on the Southern flank of the Sidlaw Hills, lying near the village of Rait, between Perth and Dundee. Originally a stronghold of the Bruces, Fingask was sold to the Patrick Threipland, who rose to prominence in the burgh of Perth in the 17th century. It is thought that the oldest part of Fingask Castle was built by Patrick Bruce in 1594 and sasines and charters relating to Bruce and his lands are included in the collection. One of the earliest documents, dated 1488, is an extract of a charter of confirmation by King James IV, of a charter granted by David Bruce of Clackmanan to Robert Bruce his son, for land in Rait. The collection contains titles and other related documents concerning the Threipland family from the 15th century onwards, and also includes sasines and charters from the 16th century for land originally belonging to the Budge family and the Murray family in Caithness. Patrick Threipland (d 1689), was a merchant and had been serving as Provost of Perth since 1665. There are some papers in the collection relating to Patrick Threipland during his terms as Provost of Perth. It was Patrick Threipland who bought the estate of Fingask from the Bruce family in 1672. The collection contains papers relating to the purchase of Fingask as well as documents relating to the adjacent estate of Kinnaird, which was acquired around 1674. A determined loyalist in matters of both church and state, Patrick’s services were recognised by a knighthood in 1674 and he was made a baronet of Nova Scotia in November 1687. His adherence to the Stuart cause led to his arrest and he died in 1689 while imprisoned in Stirling Castle. During the 18th century, Fingask was plundered and occupied by government forces and it became a forfeited estate as a result of the Threiplands’ support of the Jacobite cause. Although no original Jacobite memorabilia remains in the collection, the Threipland papers contain a bundle of 19th century transcribed Jacobite songs and toasts. Sir Stuart Threipland (1716-1805), who had been Bonnie Prince Charlie’s doctor in the ’45, was able to repurchase Fingask in 1783 at an auction held in Edinburgh. The collection contains many of the documents relating to the repurchase, as well as some of the personal and business papers of Sir Stuart Threipland. Sir Stuart married Janet Budge Murray, daughter of Richard Murray of Pennyland, in 1761. This union led to the acquisition of the valuable estate of Pennyland in Caithness. Sir Patrick Budge Murray Threipland (1762-1837), son of Sir Stuart, inherited Fingask on the death of his father. In 1800, he also inherited the Caithness estates at Dale and Toftingall on the death of Grizelda Budge, a cousin of his mother. The collection therefore contains an extensive range of material relating to the Caithness estates, including tacks and leases for tenants, correspondence relating to tenants, details of improvements and repairs carried out, and details relating to industry, such as the flagstone quarries at Spittal and Toftingall, and also papers relating to farming activities carried out on the estates. The vast majority of the later papers relate to Sir Patrick [Peter] Murray Threipland, (1800-1882), the 5th baronet, who spent most of his long life in Fingask Castle. Patrick never married and he stayed in the castle with his three sisters who also remained unmarried. There is correspondence spanning over fifty years between Sir Patrick and people such as Rev WC Simons of Rossie Priory Chapel, Lord Sinclair of Thurso Castle, the Earl of Mansfield, Lord Gray, Lord Kinnaird, and many others. There are papers relating to social and leisure activities, the church and his political activities, as well as financial and administrative papers concerning his running of the estates. The bulk of the Threipland papers reflect the daily workings and management of the estates in Caithness and Perthshire and includes rentals, surveys, accounts and leases. Visual material, such as building plans, and maps showing proposed improvements at Fingask by William Nicol, reflect the changes taking place in the early 19th century. The collection also reveals the domestic side of the estates, through material such as accounts, notebooks and servants wages books. Other papers also show that the gardens were not only a source of pleasure, but also produced an income. Sir Patrick Murray Threipland (1800-1882), the fifth and last baronet, died without issue and was succeeded by his cousin William, second son of William Scott Kerr of Chatto and Sunlaws, Roxburghshire, who inherited Fingask Castle and the Perthshire and Caithness lands. William assumed the name of Murray Threipland in accordance with the last baronet’s will. Fingask remained in the Threipland family until the early 1920’s, when it was sold. It returned to Threipland ownership in 1968.
DescriptionThe fonds contain papers relating to the Threipland Family, their estates and their associates, 1488-1963 and includes: Titles: Barony of Fingask, 1488-1911, Barony of Kinnaird, 1502-1877, Toftingall Estate, 1560-1889, Pennyland Estate, 1549-1830, Barnhill, Woodend and Muirhall, 1622-1796, Burgh of Perth, 1535-1875, Middleton Estate, 1703-1844, Miscellaneous titles, 1579-1934, this section also includes related documents such as inventories of titles, correspondence relating to titles, receipts for land purchased, etc; Legal documents: documents of debt and related correspondence for members of the Threipland Family, members of the Bruce Family, members of the Murray and Budge Families and miscellaneous individuals,1537-1920; family provisions and inheritances including papers relating to entails and disentails, 1718-1861; wills and settlements, 1742-1900; marriage contracts for members of the Threipland Family, the Budge Family, the Bruce Family, the Murray Family and others, 1665-1848; bonds of provision, 1665-1850; curatory and tutory papers, 1757-1851; general retours, 1692-1703; case papers, 1640-1874; trusts,1770-1890; papers relating to the baronetcy, 1687-1826; miscellaneous legal papers, 1666-1694; Estate Management papers: papers relating to leases and tenants, including leases, tacks, offers to lease property and land, letters of renunciation, lists of rent paid, valuations of property, lists of crops grown, measurements of land, insurance policies covering property, notes on crop rotation, correspondence relating to leases and tenants, advertisements for farms to let, legal cases concerning leases and tenants, etc, 1506-1955; accounts including accounts for estate improvements and repairs carried out, insurance policy payments, receipts for rent received, vouchers and receipts for schoolmasters’ salaries paid, ministers’ stipends paid, wages paid to estate workers, grounds staff, labourers and tradesmen, public burdens paid, property tax paid, payment made for advertising properties to let, etc, 1755-1926; correspondence relating to various estate matters, 1794-1904; employee records, 1817-1921; papers relating to estate improvements, repairs and maintenance, 1738-1909 ; industrial activities relating to quarrying, 1825-1946; papers relating to boundaries and boundary disputes, 1744-1866; papers relating to game and fisheries, hunting and shooting rights, 1773-1957; papers relating to forests, plantations and timber, 1819-1952; farming activities, 1784-1902; papers relating to orchards and gardens, 1804-1917; maps and plans, showing the layout of the various estates, improvements carried out, boundaries, etc, 1784-1905; Household Records for Fingask Castle and Dale House: household accounts listing groceries and provisions purchased, household staff’s wages, etc, 1789-1902; building repairs, maintenance and improvements, 1850-1911; inventories of household furniture and fittings, plate and glass, books and journals, etc, 1832-1922; household employee records, 1863-1946; buildings and household contents insurance, 1907-1946; correspondence relating to household matters, 1867; miscellaneous household papers, 1849; 1897; Ecclesiastical records for the parishes of Kilspindie, Kinnaird, Watten, Halkirk, Thurso, and Middleton Estate: including papers relating to heritors, 1845-1904; papers relating to church buildings, seating arrangements, repairs, etc, 1738-1894; papers relating to tiends and stipends, 1591-1931; kirk session records, 1841-1872; vacancies, 1622-1869; Local Administration: papers relating to Commissioners of Supply, Road Trustees, Justices of the Peace, School Boards, Parochial Boards, Postal services, Freeholders, Public Office, for Perthshire and Caithness, 1616-1903; Political interests, Perthshire and Caithness: Papers relating to local and national elections, 1832-1874; political issues, including Catholic Emancipation, the Reform Bill, and the Jacobites, 1829-1872; Family and personal records: including family histories and pedigrees for the Threipland Family, [18--], social engagements, 1822-1866; recreation, 1729-[18--]; correspondence, 1826; personal papers of Sir Stuart Threipland, 3rd baronet, (1716-1805), including, correspondence, financial papers, life events; personal papers of Sir Patrick Murray Threipland, 4th baronet, (1762-1837), including financial papers, social engagements, life events; personal papers of Lady Murray Threipland [Jessy Scott Kerr], (c 1769-1855), including correspondence, life events; personal papers of Miss Janet [Jessy ]Threipland, (1793-1871), including correspondence, financial papers, life events; personal papers of Miss Elizabeth [Eliza] Murray Threipland, (1795-1881), including correspondence, financial papers, life events; personal papers of Catherine Murray Threipland, (1798-1863), including financial papers, life events; personal papers of Sir Patrick [Peter] Murray Threipland, 5th baronet, (1800-1882), including correspondence, diaries, financial papers, papers relating to social engagements, leisure activities, life events, charitable bodies; personal papers of William Murray Threipland [Scott Kerr], (1866-1942), including correspondence, diaries, financial papers, papers relating to social engagements, leisure activities; personal papers of Patrick Wyndham Murray Threipland, (1904-1957), including correspondence, financial papers, papers relating to social engagements; personal papers of Stuart Moncrieff Threipland of Middleton, (1771-1838), including correspondence, financial papers, life events; personal papers of members of the Budge and Murray Families and other individuals, (1689-1963) including correspondence, financial papers, life events; Maps and Plans: Maps and plans of Scotland, England, Wales, Ireland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, etc, 1772-1864; Printed and pictorial material: including newspapers and newspaper clippings, 1826-1944; pamphlets, catalogues, tracts, almanacs, sermons, etc, 1746-1953; prints, 1828-[1874]; books, periodicals, journals, etc, 1825-1913; Acts of Parliament, 1823-1878; drawings and paintings, [18--]; photographs, [19th-20th Cents]; posters and proclamations, etc, 1838-1845; Legal and business accounts, including related correspondence, 1745-1880; Miscellaneous items, 1777-1937.
Access statusRestricted
Access conditionsItems less than 75 years old may be closed. Please check with the Archivist Loose and bound papers, some of which are in a fragile condition and need assessed on a case by case basis. Some maps in mouldy condition and therefore inaccessible
Related_RecordB59/39/3
CopyingReproduction is available subject to preservation requirements, copyright and data protection restrictions. Charges are made for this service. Applications should be made to Archive staff.
LanguageLatin and English
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