Ref NoMS115
TitleStuart of Annat Papers
HistoryRobert Stuart was born in 1744 in Kilmadock Parish. In or around 1760 he joined the Bengal Army of the Honourable East India Company. Whilst in India he had three sons, Peter John, Kenneth Bruce and Robert. Robert Stuart had risen to the rank of Lieutenant General when he retired from the army in 1804. Whilst in India, Robert Stuart was captured and held for ransom for several months before being released after the intervention of the Begam Samru The 'General' returned to Scotland and bought the estate of Rait in the Carse of Gowrie in 1804. The estate had no suitable dwelling house and the general rented a number of different places including Glendoick House. There were plans to build a castle at Rait but these did not come to fruition. In 1814 a house was purchased in Barnhill, Kinnoull and re-named Annat Lodge. Despite not living on the estate the General took a keen interest in it and was responsible for many improvements. The general died in 1820 and was succeeded by his son, Kenneth Bruce Stuart who followed his father into the HEIC army and rose to the rank of captain. Whilst in India Kenneth had at least one son, Robert, whose mother was said to be the daughter of the last Moghul Emperor Shah Alam II. Kenneth Bruce Stuart left India and arrived in Scotland by 1817. He brought his son Robert with him who returned to India in 1833 having obtained a degree in medicine. Kenneth married Janet Morrison in 1820 and they had four daughters. He died in 1832 and his eldest daughter, Jessie inherited the estate. She married Revd Alexander Moody in 1839 and in order to satisfy the entail on the estate the family name became Moody-Stuart from this date. Revd Moody Stuart left the Church of Scotland at the disruption in 1843 and joined the Free Church. The family lived in Edinburgh but eventually built a property on the estate and called it Annat Cottage. In 1875 Revd Moody Stuart was appointed moderator of the Free Church Assembly and received a doctorate. Jessie Moody-Stuart died in 1891 and Revd Dr Moody Stuart in 1898. The estate was inherited by their son Revd Kenneth Moody Stuart, a minister at Moffat. On his death in 1904 the estate was inherited by his son, Alexander Moody Stuart and on his death in 1946 passed to his brother, George Walker Moody Stuart who died in 1950. The wives of Alexander and George continued to live on the estate in identical bungalows, West and East Nethercommon until the 1980's. The bulk of the estate was sold off by the 1970's.
DescriptionThe papers contain material relating to the acquisition and management of Annat or Rait estate on the Carse of Gowrie, Perthshire, 1792-1890 subjects dealt with include: agriculture, farm management, cultivation. Papers relating to the family and descendants of Lieutenant General Stuart 1804-1940, 1964-1987. Papers relating to the military career of Lieutenant General Stuart, particularly his kidnap in 1791.
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