Ref NoMS100
TitleBaron Kinnaird of Inchture
HistoryThe Kinnaird family were granted the lands of Kinnaird by King William the Lion (1165-1214) by his charter to Raddulf Rufus, 1172x1184. Sir George Patrick Kinnaird (d 1689), MP for Perthshire, was created Lord Kinnaird of Inchture (peerage of Scotland) in 1682. Charles, 6th Lord Kinnaird (d 1767) inherited the estate on the death of his cousin, Charles, 5th Lord Kinnaird in 1758. His son, George, 7th Lord Kinnaird (1754-1805) inherited the estate in 1767. He married in 1777 Elizabeth Ransom, daughter of Griffin Ransom, of Ransom & Moreland, bankers and this marked the start of a strong family link with the bank. His son, Charles, 8th Lord Kinnaird inherited the estate on the death of his father in 1805. George William Fox Kinnaird, 9th Lord Kinnaird (1807-1878) succeeded his father in 1826. In 1831 he was raised from the Scottish peerage to the rank of a peer of the United Kingdom with the title Baron Rossie of Rossie and in 1860 this title was exchanged for that of Baron Kinnaird of Rossie due to the failure of his male line. He was made a Privy Councillor in 1840 and created a Knight of the Thistle in 1857. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Perthshire from 1866 to his death. He married Lady Frances Ponsonby, daughter of Lord de Mauley in 1837. The estate which Lord Kinnaird inherited in 1826 was centred around the mansion house of Rossie Priory which had been built by his father. Lands and farms as far afield as Errol, Inchture, Abernyte and Longforgan made up the estate which covered around 12,000 acres. He improved the estate by erecting new buildings and steadings, promoting the use of new fertilizers and carrying out experiments on the improvement of animal feedstuffs. ‘Lord Kinnaird’s Prize Reaper’ won a prize at the Highland Show of 1858. In order to improve the lives of the ploughmen on the Carse of Gowrie he organised evening classes in the winter months.Outside his estate the 9th Lord Kinnaird was involved in many organisations, and was particularly interested in social reform. He was chairman and promoter of the Dundee and Perth Railway Company which opened a railway in 1847. He supported the cause for Polish Independence from Russia and became president of the Literary Association of Friends of Poland. He supported the movement for independence and unity in Italy and was a friend of Garibaldi and Mazzini. On a parliamentary level he introduced many bills to the House of Lords reflecting his interests and concerns including reformatory schools, lunacy, the inspection of mines and smoke nuisances. The Forbes Mackenzie Act, 1853, relating to licensing in Scotland was drafted by Lord Kinnaird but scheduling in the House of Lords necessitated the introduction of the bill in the House of Commons. He was chairman of the Royal Commission on Mines and campaigned for reform of the Royal Mint. He died in 1878 and was succeeded by his brother, Arthur Fitzgerald. He was MP for Perth at the time of his elevation to the peerage and resigned his seat. The 11th Lord Kinnaird, also Arthur Fitzgerald, inherited in 1887 on the death of his father. Kenneth Fitzgerald, 12th Lord Kinnaird succeeded to the estate in 1923 and was succeeded by his son, Graham Charles in 1972. With the death of Graham Charles Kinnaird in 1993 the title would appear to have become extinct.
DescriptionPapers relating to the family of Kinnaird of Inchture and their estates including: Title deeds, 1172x1184-1889; Inventories, 1473-1884; Rentals and valuations, 1634-1864; Tacks, leases and agreements, 1538-1919; Estate rentals, 1795-1872; Papers relating to teinds, 1597-1850; Financial papers including discharges and accounts, 1608-1952; Letters and correspondence, 1587-1948; Records relating to servants, estate workers and tradesmen, 1793-1813; Plans of park and farm at Rossie, 1820-1822; Barony court book, mid 18th century; Photographs of family and friends, 19th century.Private and business correspondence and legal papers of: Charles Kinnaird, 5th Lord Kinnaird,1752-1767; Charles Kinnaird, 6th Lord Kinnaird, 1753-1772; George Kinnaird, 7th Lord Kinnaird, 1767-1801, including papers relating to the proposed union of British and Irish parliaments and the position of the Scots Peerage, 1800-1801; Charles Kinnaird, 8th Lord Kinnaird, 1801-1824, including the assassination attempt on Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), in Paris, 1816-1819 and papers relating to the Inchture Volunteer Infantry, 1798-1802; George William Fox Kinnaird, 9th Lord Kinnaird, on political, social, religious, agricultural matters and family affairs, the Royal Mint, mine safety, railways, farm servants’ registration scheme, child labour, temperance, cattle plague, and aid to emigrant Poles, 1829-1878; Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird,10th Lord Kinnaird on religious and political matters, 1831-1879, Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird, 1858-1918; Kenneth Fitzgerald Kinnaird, 12th Lord Kinnaird, on political and religious matters, 1936-1960.
Access statusOpen
Access conditionsSubject to physical condition
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LanguageLatin and English

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NA14706Kinnaird family; family1172-1993
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